Biological diversity and the environment in which they occur, is important to maintain life-sustaining systems of the biosphere yet their existence is being threatened by human activities. Biodiversity loss is one of the world’s most pressing crises. The Global Biodiversity Assessment report of UNEP (1995) concluded that the adverse effects of human impacts on biodiversity are increasing dramatically and threatening the very foundation of sustainable development.
In Africa, Caribbean and the Pacific, the regions’ rich biodiversity, unique ecosystems and natural resources base are facing numerous threats such as habitat loss through conversion of natural biodiversity habitats to urban, industrial or agricultural uses, climate change, bio-piracy, over-harvesting due to increasing population and rising consumption levels, pollution from farming, urban household and industrial sources, and the introduction of alien invasive species which dominate or modify habitat conditions. These challenges have inspired governments to take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity and ensure resilient ecosystems through Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs).
Capacity, processes and infrastructure
We support governments in creating enabling policy environment and strengthening policy implementation capacities including the development of transparent procedures to control the illegal trade in wildlife products.
National frameworks and legislations
We support ACP countries strengthen their national frameworks, legislations and mechanisms for the effective implementation of biodiversity MEAs and National Biodiversity Strategies and action plans.
We support ACP Parties to the biodiversity convention by strengthening their COPs negotiation skills and develop guidelines and mechanisms for the effective implementation of MEAs and the post-2020 agenda. Establish baselines, identify gaps in MEAs implementation and promote regional exchange of information through South-South cooperation across the ACP regions.